Vitamin B12 is also known as Cobalamin. Our body needs this vitamin for various functions but cannot produce it naturally. Therefore, we need to take this vitamin from our daily diet. Mainly it is found in animal products and also available as a health supplement. There are many Vitamin B12 benefits in the human body as it plays a crucial role in body functioning like normal functioning of nerve cells, formation of RBCs and synthesis of DNA. It is recommended to tak 2.4 mcg Vitamin B12 for adults on a daily basis and for pregnant women it is a bit higher. This vitamin also makes you feel energetic, improves memory and prevents heart diseases. Let us discuss Vitamin B12 benefits in detail.
- Prevents anaemia:
Vitamin B12 plays a vital role in the formation of red blood cells. If there is Vitamin B12 deficiency in your body then the formation of the red blood cells is reduced and the growth of the cells hamper. In normal cases, the shape of the healthy cells are round, while in case of Vitamin B12 deficiency, the shape becomes large and oval. Due to the large size, RBCs are not able to move from bone marrow to bloodstream and this results in megaloblastic anaemia.
- Prevents birth defects:
Pregnant mothers are advised to take more Vitamin B12 to avoid the birth defects in the child. It has been found that the brain and nervous system of the foetus require sufficient amounts of Vitamin B12 to develop properly and this is supplied by the mother to the foetus. Deficiency of Vitamin B12 can cause miscarriages or premature birth of the baby. So it is advisable to keep in check the level of Vitamin B12 in the body.
- Supports bone health and prevents osteoporosis:
Vitamin B12 benefits include bone health as it helps in giving high density to the bones which make them stronger. If the bone density is less, then it makes the bones delicate, brittle and fragile which leads to osteoporosis. In this condition bones can break easily, so obviously it is a big risk. This condition mainly happens in women.
- Reduces risk of macular degeneration:
It is a type of eye disease in which the central eye is affected and the vision is lost. Amino acid called homocysteine is found in the bloodstream which increases with the increase in age and affects the central eye. Adequate amount of Vitamin B12 in the body helps in reducing the amount of homocysteine and prevents macular degeneration.
So these are some Vitamin B12 benefits which are really important to consider and to take adequate Vitamin B12 for proper functions in the body.